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Ruffled feathers: The goose dispute at Lake Merritt

on September 6, 2011

Stephanie Benavidez is a naturalist at the Rotary Nature Center at Lake Merritt.

Stephanie Benavidez is a naturalist at the Rotary Nature Center at Lake Merritt, and for her, it’s more than a job – she says she sees herself as the lake’s protector and “keeper of the flame.” Lake Merritt was established as a nature sanctuary in 1870, and is the oldest in the country. Benavidez sees it as her job to continue the legacy of an urban oasis, a strip of nature in the middle of downtown Oakland.

“I’m the voice of the refuge and its inhabitants,” she says. “I speak for all the animals and plants.”

On a Thursday morning, Benavidez is sitting in the driver’s side of a white van parked in Lakeside Park, in front of the Nature Center, when three geese – with long, black necks and black eyes, gray feathers and a white stripe across their faces – waddle across the street.

“Hi guys,” she says to the geese as she leans out of the window. “My mother used to say, ‘Those geese, every time they come down the street, they act like they own the place,’” she continued. “I said, ‘They do. They know they own the place.’”

They certainly do. Every summer, from June into September, Lake Merritt is goose territory. As many as 2,000 birds gather around the lake for molting season, when the birds lose their flight feathers and need a place safe from predators to graze and drink water, before their feathers re-grow and most of the geese fly away for the winter, leaving about 200-400 geese at the lake.

The problem, some park visitors say, is what they leave behind – feathers and droppings, which cover the grass and smear the sidewalk, especially around Lakeside Park, during the summer months, when visits to the park peak.

“They’re perfectly harmless, but there are such big crowds and they make such a mess,” said retiree Tom Job, who lives by the lake and jogs around it in the morning. “They represent something of a decrease in the quality of life for humans during that molting period.”

While city officials have tried to address the conflict in the past by holding meetings and purchasing equipment to clean up after the geese, or keep them out of areas of the park, budget cuts have stymied and sidelined cleanup efforts. And there’s no chasing them away – they’re protected as part of the wildlife refuge. “This was not a park designed for people,” Benavidez said. “Where do you put the animals when there is so much recreational human use?”

Some visitors to the park complain about the goose feathers and droppings that cover the sidewalk at Lakeside Park.

The question of how to balance the needs of both the geese and park visitors has been debated for years. During the summer of 2007, the debate came to a head – the city commissioned a study of the geese and also attempted to address concerns with a meeting at the Lakeside Garden Center.

A few solutions were raised at the meeting and the following year: establishing a “No Goose Zone;” buying a specialty-trained dog to chase the geese away; putting up fencing around Lakeside Park to keep them off the grass; putting up signs in the park that encourage people not to feed the geese; using a Naturesweep, a device similar to a street sweeper, except it cleans up goose poop.

But four years later, all the proposed solutions have fallen flat. Fencing went up in 2008, but was taken down within a week because neighbors of the park complained it was unsightly. The Naturesweep didn’t work well on the park’s uneven terrain; even if it had, budget cuts mean there’s no one to drive it.

“We’ve looked at a number of different options that have been suggested by various parties as things we should consider, and we have,” said Jim Ryugo, who manages parks, trees and buildings for the city’s public works department. “But we come back to this square one, which is that Lakeside Park is a bird sanctuary.”

Signs that discourage feeding the wildlife are supposed to go up soon around the lake.

Ryugo said he thinks the most cost-effective strategy to limit the amount of goose feathers and waste would be to mow the grass more frequently in Lakeside Park, limiting the birds’ ability to graze.  Some have suggested that if people stopped feeding the geese, they wouldn’t be such a problem; within the year, signs will go up within the year encourage visitors to not feed the geese.  As part of the new park being constructed at the south end of the lake, there’s also a barrier of shrubs between the water and the lawn that may keep the birds out.

“By making the new park less attractive to geese, we’re hoping that will help reduce the conflict,” said Joel Peter, the program manager for Measure DD, which allocated $198.25 million for waterfront improvements at Lake Merritt and the estuary.

For years, Benavidez used to conduct an afternoon feeding of the geese, during which she would grab a bag of feed and invite the public to join in. But a few years ago, when city officials were focused on addressing the goose conflict, she was asked to stop.

Benavidez says she doesn’t think feeding geese is a problem, noting that there are so few people who do anyhow. Benavidez has worked at the nature center since 1974, and she’s seen more than a few ideas on how to handle the geese rise and fall. And the geese are still there, and she sees it as her job that they, and the other species at the lake, remain protected.

“We want to create that sense of ownership and protectiveness,” she said, “and have citizens that want to maintain this kind of environment and say, ‘This is good.’”


  1. xxx on September 6, 2011 at 12:09 pm

    thanks for not using the word “poop” in this article.

  2. MMM Oakland on September 6, 2011 at 3:56 pm

    Too bad she is a naturalist who has no understanding of ecology. The over population of geese seriously impacts the waterfowl and other species of birds that have been pushed out of or greatly reduced in Lake Merritt and are in much more need of protection and support.

  3. Onyx on September 7, 2011 at 11:00 am

    Lake Merrit sounds like heaven to me. We have a nice population of Canada geese in Vancouver and …I just don’t notice poop. And feathers…I’m not sure why soft clean feathers on the grass should be a problem for anyone to start with and they sure beat the garbage humans often leave behind. Far from taking away from the ‘quality of life’ I love it in the summer here when a large number of geese gather in one place to molt and have their goslings.

    I think it is sad you will be discouraging people from feeding the geese; many of us have been doing that for years and know our feeding has nothing to do with where the geese go. I feed the geese here at one park but when it is time to nest and molt they definitely leave. They have their own minds and schedules and humans feeding them have nothing to do with it.

    I wonder if addling eggs to manage the population is being used? It’s certainly a better solution than some.

  4. Onyx on September 7, 2011 at 11:05 am

    MMM Oakland,
    How did geese and all the other birds survive so well before humans were around to give them ‘protection and support’? If Canada geese pushed out other species they would not have survived for thousands of years before humans populated the land. My experience is other birds survive better around Canada geese; geese are about the only bird that feeds mainly on grass so their eating certainly doesn’t impact other birds and the ducks seem to like the protection they offer.

    I can’t agree geese push out other species for the above reasons.

  5. livegreen on September 10, 2011 at 6:18 pm

    The geese do not naturally come this far South. It is a recent phenomona of the last 60-100 years. Also the Park is not just for geese. It’s for Wildlife and the non-native geese constitute an invasive species that are displacing other wildlife. That is NOT the purpose of a wildlife sanctuary.

    Finally, importantly, the over abundance of geese scat prohibits the use of families with children. All scat naturally has parasites in it, which means the proponents of geese scat are asking kids to eat it and eat the parasites.

    A balance neeeds to b found, otherwise the City’s argument is essentially the Park is oBly for geese. That, and all the Bond money we’re spending on it, is then ridiculous.

  6. Laura on April 4, 2012 at 11:35 am

    I just had to smile when I ran across this article. After reading “I Can Hear the Sun” to my kids and then my niece for years.

  7. Sf2oak on June 1, 2012 at 10:30 pm

    I just witnessed a couple empty at least 20 bags of bread and cereal for the geese as well as many other park goers feeding geese- it’s truly unacceptable. I did not see one sign informing that feeding wildlife is illegal or even to discourage. Nor did I see any enforcement, parks employees either. To me the park is a disgusting blend of ugly people and poop- I will not be visiting again.

  8. […] refuge while they wait for their feathers to grow back. This glut of geese isn’t without its share of controversy, especially when a few steps off the trail leaves one’s shoes covered in goose poo. But I […]

  9. Dar on August 1, 2012 at 9:41 am

    Onyx, you’ve obviously never been to the park. The goose feces is a real problem. It covers almost every section of lawn prohibiting people from enjoying the park at all. I too wish people would stop feeding them.

    Livegreen, I couldn’t agree more. Balance is key and as it stands, the geese definitely have the upper hand.

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