Though the Temescal’s stretch of Telegraph Avenue is known for its diverse eateries, one particular cuisine has developed a stronghold in the neighborhood. “Welcome to Little Ethiopia,” said Temescal resident Ashley Keys this weekend, gesturing at the strip of Ethiopian and Eritrean businesses lining the 51st block of Telegraph Ave. “There’s at least three Ethiopian restaurants on my block alone.”
Oakland has become a popular destination for the estimated 20,000 Ethiopian and Eritreans living in the Bay Area, according to the Ethiopian Community Center in Oakland. The East Africans have been steadily migrating to the Bay Area since the late 1980s and early 1990s, seeking refuge from the brutal military dictatorship of then Ethiopian leader Mengistu Haile Mariam. But now, the community is flocking to the area on a more positive note. Drawn to the city for its temperate climate, reminiscent of East Africa, and its food-centric culture, many Ethiopian and Eritrians have settled in North Oakland—bringing the flavor and color of their customs and cuisine with them.
“We came here as immigrants, and now we are introducing our food and our culture to the community,” said Kesete Yohannes, co-owner of Asmara, the Temescal Ethiopian and Eritrean restaurant that celebrated its 25th year this weekend.
Eritrean-born Yohannes moved to Oakland from Boston nearly three decades ago, “for the weather and the culture of the Bay Area,” he said. Though most Ethiopian and Eritrean immigrants move to the area to join family and friends who have found success in the region, Yohannes moved alone, meeting his wife, a fellow Eritrean in Oakland. Together they capitalized on the demand for the spicy, flavorful tastes of their native country. Asmara is now one of the most popular Ethiopian and Eritrean restaurants in Oakland.
“We opened exactly today, October 15th, 1985,” Yohannes recalled on Friday night, proudly surveying the packed restaurant. “It was a Saturday,” he said with satisfaction as he passed through the dining area, chatting with patrons and accepting their hearty congratulations. As well as being a staple among food lovers in the area, Asmara has gained a reputation as a meeting spot for local Ethiopians and Eritreans, many of whom had arrived to honor of the restaurant’s anniversary. Customers ate and socialized among the black and silver balloons decorating the dining hall as servers wearing traditional white embroidery-trimmed dresses distributed large platters of marinated meat and vegetables with rolls of flat injera bread.
“This restaurant is like a community center for a lot of Ethiopians and Eritreans, but our customers are everybody,” Yohannes said, gesturing at the patrons gathered around the fragrant buffet. “Americans, non-Americans—everybody is our customer.”
Ann and Jack Rice of Temescal have been coming to Asmara for years, drawn to the region’s cuisine for its rich flavor and utensil-free, family style approach to eating, which involves scooping food directly off the platter using the spongy sourdough flavored bread. “Eating Ethiopian food is a little different, but fun. And it’s finger-licking good,” Ann said, holding up her sauce- covered fingers.
But what may be a novelty for some fans of the cuisine is a part of daily life for Ethiopians and Eritreans. “Food brings us together,” said Kalkidan Tessfaye, who co-owns Addis Ethiopian Restaurant on 61st and Telegraph. “That’s part of the reason that we eat in a big platter rather than separate plates. It’s for togetherness.”
Despite the longstanding enmity between the Eritrean and Ethiopian people—a 30-year war ended with Eritrea gaining sovereignty in 1991—many restaurants offer “Ethiopian Eritrean food” and attract people from both backgrounds despite historic clashes.
“The governments still don’t like each other,” said Fessahaye Hagos, an Eritrean man who said he likes to come to Oakland from his home in San Jose to enjoy the food and community. “But the people don’t have problems.”
Tessfaye agreed. “The food we eat is the same, the way we look is the same,” she said. “I don’t feel any difference.”
Aside from the dinner table, Oakland’s Ethiopians also gather at their community church, Medhani Alem Orthodox Church on Mountain Blvd, which conducts services in Amharic, one of Ethiopia’s main languages. “The services are in our language and its very popular in our community,” said Tessafaye, who regularly visits Medhani Alem with her family and friends.
“Everybody is there,” she said. “You like to go where your siblings are and where your friends are. We don’t tend to live alone, because of how we grew up. As an extended family.”